Aristotle virtue essay

But the general description has some value nevertheless, especially in its focus on reciprocity. An individual citizen does not belong to himself, in the sense that it is not up to him alone to determine how he should act; he should subordinate his individual decision-making powers to those of the whole.

Rather, when he says that unequal relationships based on character are imperfect, his point is that people are friends in the fullest sense when they gladly spend their days together in shared activities, and this close and constant interaction is less available to those who are not equal in their moral development.

Rather, they are relationships held together because each individual regards the other as the source of some advantage to himself or some pleasure he receives.

The audience he is addressing, in other words, consists of people who are already just, courageous, and generous; or, at any rate, they are well on their way to possessing these virtues. We can make some progress towards solving this problem if we remind ourselves that at the beginning of the Ethics, Aristotle describes his inquiry as an attempt to develop a better understanding of what our ultimate aim should be.

Book VII makes the point that pleasures interfere with each other, and so even if all kinds of pleasures are good, it does not follow that all of them are worth choosing.

In such statements as these, Aristotle comes rather close to saying that relationships based on profit or pleasure should not be called friendships at all. If I am enjoying a conversation, for example, I do not need to wait until it is finished in order to feel pleased; I take pleasure in the activity all along the way.

Aristotle Nicomachean Ethics

But egoism is sometimes understood in a stronger sense. Here we are engaged in ethical inquiry, and are not asking a purely instrumental question. Here he discussed the conditions under which moral responsibility may be ascribed to individual agents, the nature of the virtues and vices involved in moral evaluation, and the methods of achieving happiness in human life.

He is vindicating his conception of happiness as virtuous activity by showing how satisfying are the relationships that a virtuous person can normally expect to have. Aristotle makes it clear that the number of people with whom one can sustain the kind of relationship he calls a perfect friendship is quite small IX.

I personally believe that there are actions that in most cases are wrong. Can a vicious character be changed. Aristotle believed that all virtues came from the same source and that the spring from a unified character, so no good person can show virtues without showing them all.

Aristotle's Ethics

The two kinds of passions that Aristotle focuses on, in his treatment of akrasia, are the appetite for pleasure and anger. He takes it for granted that self-love is properly condemned whenever it can be shown to be harmful to the community.

Aristotle turns therefore, in X. They should be counted as virtues only if it can be shown that actualizing precisely these skills is what happiness consists in. This is explained in Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics. After reading Nicomachean Ethics I thought more about the topic and considered many examples of when "bad" behaviors are the right thing to do or the only choice.

There is no universal rule, for example, about how much food an athlete should eat, and it would be absurd to infer from the fact that 10 lbs.

Yet such an upbringing can take us only so far. The latter might be taken to mean that the activity accompanied by pleasure has not yet reached a sufficiently high level of excellence, and that the role of pleasure is to bring it to the point of perfection.

It should be evident that Aristotle's treatment of virtues as mean states endorses the idea that we should sometimes have strong feelings—when such feelings are called for by our situation. If we imagine a life filled with pleasure and then mentally add wisdom to it, the result is made more desirable.

He defends the family as a social institution against the criticisms of Plato Politics II. But another part of us—feeling or emotion—has a more limited field of reasoning—and sometimes it does not even make use of it. No other writer or thinker had said precisely what he says about what it is to live well.

Perhaps a greater difficulty can be raised if we ask how Aristotle determines which emotions are governed by the doctrine of the mean.

Sarah Bader Al-Din Aristotle Essay CLA/PHIA Aristotle’s views have today come to shape the way in which people view things and how they think. In this essay I will be discussing the difference between continence and temperance and their relation to moral virtue and how it is possessed.

Essay Understanding Virtue Ethics And Aristotle 's Theory. Understanding virtue ethics theories begins with understanding the concept of the ideal character traits a virtuous and ethical person has according to Aristotle’s Ethical Theory.

Published: Mon, 5 Dec In Ethics, Aristotle argues the highest end is the human good, and claims that the highest end pursued in action is happiness. Aristotle also claims that happiness is achieved only by living a virtuous life – “our definition is in harmony with those who say that happiness is virtue, or a particular virtue; because an activity in accordance with virtue implies virtue.

Aristotle, morality as virtue In MLA style Essay

Aristotle, morality as virtue In MLA style Essay Aristotle was a Greek philosopher and scientist - Aristotle, morality as virtue In MLA style Essay introduction. Because of his work in metaphysics, logic, natural sciences, ethics, political science, and literary criticism, he is ranked as one of the world’s great thinkers.

Aristotle on Virtue essaysAristotle defines virtue as acquiring excellence through the fulfillment of a particular function.

Stating that all people are born with the potential to be virtuous yet they must act accordingly through their function. Any function good and well must possess a telos or e. Virtue Ethics Approach Essay - 1.

Aristotle's Ethics

Identify the main pros and cons of a virtue ethics approach. The virtue ethics approach is a theory that suggests that people are judged via their character, not specific actions.

Aristotle virtue essay
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Aristotle's Ethics: Sample student essay